4Mind4Body: Work-Life Balance
WORK-LIFE BALANCE IS IMPORTANT
- Of adults employed full time in the U.S., nearly 40% reported working at least 50 hours per week, and 18% work 60 hours or more. 
- People who feel they have good work-life balance are more satisfied with their job and their life, and experience fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety. 
WHAT WE’VE LEARNED FROM MHA’S WORK HEALTH SURVEY 
- More than half of people who responded to MHA’s Work Health Survey say that they do unhealthy things (e.g. drinking, drug use, lashing out at others) to cope with workplace stress.
- More than two-thirds of people have had their sleep negatively affected by workplace issues.
- Over 75% of people are afraid of getting punished for taking a day off to attend to their mental health.
- People who work in manufacturing, retail, and food/beverage jobs were most likely to report that work stress “Always or Often” impacted their personal relationships.
HEALTH SUFFERS WHEN WORK TAKES OVER YOUR LIFE
The mental and physical health impacts of workplace burnout and stress are estimated to cost as much as $190 billion per year ($6,025 per second) in healthcare spending in the U.S. 
Poor work-life balance increases your risk for health conditions like sleep problems, digestive disorders, and mental health problems. This is especially true for people who work longer shifts or on nights and weekends. 
Working overtime increases the likelihood of having symptoms of depression, especially in men. 
CONSIDERATIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC CONDITIONS AND CAREGIVERS
For people with chronic illnesses, balancing the demands of work while also caring for your health can be difficult, but laws like the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Family Medical Leave Act are designed to protect the jobs of people with disabilities or medical concerns. Talk to your HR representative and your boss about your health care coverage and what accommodations can be made to help you manage – such as working from home or shifting your hours – so that you are better able to tend to your health.
In studies of people who had been diagnosed with cancer, those who believed that their employers would be accommodating to their treatment were more likely to return to work. 
A survey of people with diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis found that self-acceptance, understanding and support from coworkers and management, adaptations to workflow and work environment, and adequate benefits were among some of the most important factors when it came to their ability to keep on working. 
Research about caregivers is unclear as to whether paid employment has more of a positive or negative impact on the caregiver’s well-being. However, one study found that among caregivers who work, caregiving responsibilities caused women to miss work twice as often as men. 
ARE YOU STRUGGLING?
If you are taking steps to care for your mind, body, and soul but still feel like you are struggling with your mental health, visit www.mhascreening.org to check your symptoms. It’s free, confidential, and anonymous. Once you have your results, MHA will give you information and help you find tools and resources to feel better.
1 Saad, L. (2014). The “40-Hour” Workweek is actually longer – by seven hours. Gallup.
2 Haar, J., Russo, M., Sune, A., & Ollier-Malaterre, A. (2014). Outcomes of work-life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: A study across seven cultures. Journal of Vocational Behavior 85(3):361-373.
3 Proprietary data. Mental Health America Work Health Survey.
4 Blanding, M. (2015, January 26). National Health Costs Could Decrease if Managers Reduce Work Stress. Retrieved from https://hbswk.hbs. edu/item/national-health-costs-could-decrease-if-managers-reduce-work-stress.
5 Wirtz, A. & Nachreiner, F. (2010). The effects of extended working hours on health and social well-being – a comparative analysis of four independent samples. Chronobiology International 27(5): 1124-1134.
6 Drieson, K. et al. (2010). Depressed mood in the working population: Associations with work schedules and working hours. Chronobiology International 27(5): 1062-1079.
7 Spelten ER, Sprangers MAJHV. Factors reported to in?uence the return to work of cancer survivors: a literature review. Psychooncology 2002;11:124–31.
8 Detaille, S. I., Haafkens, J. A., & Van Dijk, F. J. (2003). What employees with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus and hearing loss need to cope at work. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health, 29(2), 134-142.
9 Robison, J., Fortinsky, R., Kleppinger, A., Shugrue, N., & Porter, M. (2009) A broader view of family caregiving: effects of caregiving and caregiver conditions on depressive symptoms, health, work, and social isolation. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 64(6):788-798.